Danube Virtual Museum

Beluga (Huso huso)

Title: Beluga (Huso huso)
Location/Region: Danube
Chrolonology: 1900 - 2000
Museum: Natural History Museum in Belgrade
Country: Serbia
Closer Dating: 1976


Beluga fish belongs to the family Acipenseridae. This is the biggest fish in the Danube - it grows up to 9 m and weighs up to 2000 kg.

They spend larger part of their lives in the deep sea at depths of 70-180 m and up to 12 km from the coast. They feed on fish, anchovies, rub, minor flatfish, goby, but also on crustaceans and molluscs. At the time of spawning in March and autumn, they migrate from the Black and Caspian seas into large rivers. In search of suitable spawning habitats, those containing a gravelly or rocky bottom with a strong flow of water. Because of this, they usually reach the Danube waters. Before construction of the second Iron Gate/Đеrdаp Dam, beluga would even reach Bratislava in their upstream migration. However, their route was ended by construction the dam. Due to excessive fishing, as well as disruption of spawning by ending the migration route, the number of beluga has been reduced to a minimum. Beluga is a protected species everywhere in the world. In Serbia, according to the IUCN list, it has a status EN - endangered species. The status is given to a species which is likely to disappear in the future.

From the Museum Collections