Danube Virtual Museum

Pike (Esox lucius)

Title: Pike (Esox lucius)
Location/Region: The Danube, Negotin
Chrolonology: 1900 - 2000
Museum: Natural History Museum in Belgrade
Country: Serbia
Closer Dating: 1985


They have a cylindrical body with a dorsal fin set far back near the tail root. The head has strong jaws with sharp teeth that vary in appearance depending on the position.
They inhabit stagnant and slow freshwater of Eurasia and North America.

Pike are fish predators and are considered the best ambush hunters.

Their elongated body covered with small scales is a real muscular spring, which enables initial acceleration up to 11 m/s2 when attacked, a record among fish. However, the maximum swimming speed is not as fascinating and does not exceed 60km / h. This suggests that pike is not a persistent predator and in the case of an unsuccessful attack, they quickly give up chasing their prey. Pike is the first fish to spawn - at the end of winter, which (in our climate) is from February to April. They start spawning at 3-4 years of age. Female pike, depending on the size, lay 16-75 thousand eggs, with an incubation period of 10-15 days after mating.

From the Museum Collections