Danube Virtual Museum

Hаjdučka Mill

Lower Gorge

This naturally favorable location in the center of the canyon in the Lower Gorge, just below the cliffs of Mali Štrpac (623 m), 12 km upstream from Tekija / Transdierna, was inhabited in continuity, since the earliest periods of the prehistoric era (Culture Lepenski Vir). This has been confirmed by systematic, archaeological excavations and research on sites in the Iron Gate Project.

Smaller Roman and medieval settlements were discovered at this site, as well as a church and a necropolis. The site is, among other things, famous for its worthy hoards of medieval silver and early Byzantine gold coins, stored and exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Đеrdаp in Kladovo.

A Roman military outpost was built in the center of the fan-shaped plateau on the high bank, opposite the mouth of Mrakonija / Mraconia (Romania). At this site, on the right Serbian bank of the Danube, well-preserved early Byzantine fort structures were discovered. Their dimensions are 70 x 50 m, with solid, strong ramparts, about 3.2 m thick, extremely well preserved from 4 to 7 metres in height, with round towers on corners and one polygonal tower. Remains of the late antique square tower (Burgus) were found in the center of the fortress. The size of the early Byzantine fortress was doubled by adding a fortified annex towards the edge of the plateau.

The river bank area around the site is accessible even today. Because of its location - the heart of the fascinating Lower Gorge of the Danube and closeness to the road make it a favorite tourist spot. It is opposite the well-known picture of Decebal, a Dacian ruler, carved in the rock at the end of the twentieth century and the new church of St Nicholas, which was built on the edge of the mouth Mrakonija (left bank), in a completely uninhabited gorge.

The site was submerged after the research in 1970.


Ј. (Rаnkоv) Kоndić (tеxt in preprint); for the results of excavaing the Roman fortress, see Starinar XXXIII-XXXIV for 1982-83.

(Text: National Museum in Belgrade – Archaeological Museum Đerdap)