Danube Virtual Museum

Lepenski Vir

Lepenski Vir is a very important and in many ways unique prehistoric site. At this site, settlements from different periods are evident: the early Mesolithic period – from 9500 BC to 7500 BC (Proto Lepenski Vir); late Mesolithic, from 6300 BC to 5900 BC (Lepenski Vir Ia-e, Lepenski Vir II) and early Neolithic, 5900 BC to 5500 BC (Lepenski Vir IIIa-b).

What makes Lepenski Vir known and recognizable in the world today are discoveries chronologically related to the Mesolithic. Planned building of settlements with habitats, trapezoid-base sanctuaries, necropolises indicating special burial rituals, monumental sculptures in stone, and various bones and stones testify to the fact that this site was not only a settlement, but also a religious center. At the time of discovery, Lepenski Vir was an isolated phenomenon, which had not significantly changed since the Mesolithic period. Unlike other parts of Europe, where there is only scant evidence about Mesolithic, Lepenski Vir provides remains which allow a complete reconstruction of culture, art and society of that period.

Neolithic settlements of Lepenski Vir show classical manifestations of Starčevo culture, the transition to a sedentary lifestyle, changes in the economy and appearance of pottery.

Lepenski Vir is constantly the focus of national and international scientific and cultural communities and the subject of numerous controversial and scientific debates.

(Text: National Museum in Belgrade)