Danube Virtual Museum

The Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia

Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia is an expert institution established in 1948 performing the work on protection and improvement of the national natural heritage.

Drafting the studies on protection of natural areas, work on the conservation of biological and geological diversity, strengthening the public awareness of nature protection and a wide variety of other activities are conducted in order to preserve the nature of Serbia. The Institute is constituted of Headquarters in Belgrade and the Unit in Niš.

The work of the Institute:

  • Drafting the Studies on protection of nature, which act as expert and documentation basis for proposals on protection of natural areas;
  • Expert supervision of natural areas and monitoring of the state of wild plant and animal species;
  • Conservation and improvement of geological and biological diversity;
  • Keeping records of protected natural areas and information system containing data on nature protection;
  • Preparatory work on proposals, managing digital data base and monitoring of the state of ecological network in Serbia;
  • Participation in the process of protected and ecologically important areas in Serbia joining the European ecological network NATURA 2000;
  • Issuing official documents in the form of conditions to be fulfilled and opinions on the influence on environment and nature concerning the activities which might have impact on naturе;
  • Issuing official documents in the form of opinion on amounts regarding the control of collecting and trade in wild flora and fauna; 
  • Influencing and forming public opinion by using educational programs, promotional activities, publishing various scientific, expert and popular papers;
  • Cooperation with both governmental, non-governmental and international organisations and institutions dealing with nature protection issues.

Nature Protection

About 6% of the territory is protected in Serbia. In order to improve protection and to more effectively manage the protected natural areas and conservation of protected species, there is an ongoing process of developing the ecological network in Serbia, which presently includes 101 areas. Ecological network in Serbia consists of ecologically important areas, ecological corridors and buffer zones. Now it covers an area of 1.849.201,77 hectares, which amounts to almost 21 % of the territory of Serbia.

Part of the Institute`s work also includes the implementation of international conventions and European directives on nature conservation.

On the territory of Serbia there are natural areas of importance for European and world heritage: Biosphere reserve „Golija-Studenica“( UNESCO „MAB“ – „Man and Biosphere Programme“), 10 natural areas on the list of Wetlands of International Importance (the "Ramsar sites"), 42 internationally important bird areas (IBA), 61 internationally important plant areas (IPA), 40 prime butterfly areas (PBA) and 61 „Emerald“ areas proposed for including in „Emerald“ European Ecological Network.

The Institute also cooperates in the projects „European Green Belt“, „Dinaric Arc Ecoregion“ (DAE), in the development of Carpathian Ecological Network and other Pan-European initiatives.

Rare and endangered species are protected in Serbia, among which there are 1760 strictly protected and 868 protected wild species of plants, animals and fungi. The collecting from nature of 90 wild species of plants, animals and fungi for commercial use is particularly regulated.

Within the work on protection of geological diversity in Serbia, about 80 geomorphological, hydro-geological and geological sites, as well as 850 sites and phenomena of in situ and ex situ geological heritage have been protected so far.

Due to various publishing, educational and promotional activities the Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia succeeded in making a kind of partnership with all subjects forming public opinion, regarding conservation and improvement of national natural heritage.

Institute`s permanent exhibition "Serbian Nature and its Protection”

Exhibition is aimed at familiarizing the general public with a professional work on the protection of nature and on creating general opinion on its importance and the need for conservation and sustainable use.

By visiting the exhibition one can get to know:
- What types of ecosystems are characteristic of Serbian nature
- About the types of protected natural areas in Serbia
- The causes of flora and fauna endangerment
- The approach and methodology of the Institute`s work on natural areas protection
- The concept of protection by sustainable development

The exhibition presents:
1. National parks and typical ecosystems of Serbia
2. Samples of species from herbarium collections of endangered plant species which are listed in the Red Book of Flora of Serbia
3. Samples of species protected by the control of collection and trade (medicinal herbs and forest fruits)
4. Convenient mineralogical, geological and paleontological collection
5. Some of the prohibited tools and means used in fishing
6. Publishing activities of the Institute

The organization of visits:
Group visits of students need to be previously arranged by a phone call, in order to organize a program of vocational guidance at the exhibition, which may also include the film projection and appropriate eco-educational program.

(Text: Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia)


Institute for Nature Conservation of Serbia
Dr Ivana Ribara 91
11070 Belgrade
phone: +381 (0)11/ 2093 857
fax: +381 (0)11/ 2093 867
web: www.zzps.rs
e-mali: beograd@zzps.rs