Danube Virtual Museum

Nature Park "Tikvara"

The protected area of the nature park "Tikvara" is located in the southern Baka, along the left bank of the Danube River, in the municipality of Bačka Palanka near the town Bačka Palanka.

Most part of this protected area includes parts of the floodplain on the 1297 km and 1305 km of the course of the Danube.

Most of the protected area is Palanački Rit with a range of geomorphologic forms of fluvial erosion (backwaters, ponds, river beams, and fluvial lake) of different ages, and accordingly it is a mosaic of wetland habitats.

The Nature Park "Tikvara" is a protected area of the III category - protected areas of local importance. According to the classification of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUSN) it is an area of the V category. The protected area is 553 ha, 91a 94 m2 and is owned by the state.

In 2009, the entire area of "Tikvara" was declared the locality of international importance for birds - IBA (Important Bird Area) within a larger complex "Karađorđeva" Tikvara IBA of 4 851 ha.

It was protected for the first time by the decision on previous protection of the natural resource "Tikvara" in 1993. Research results from this period emphasized the need to protect this part of the Danube area with preserved marshy area characteristics as well as the need for constant monitoring of all hydro-ecological parameters in order to take measures to protect and preserve natural resources and their use.

The revision of protection of the Nature Park "Tikvara" was done in 2011.
Since it is a dynamic system, which is highly susceptible to natural changes, also under strong anthropogenic influence, the new measures and protection regimes were established. In the process of revision, the area of Nature Park "Tikvara" has increased from 508.1357 ha to 553.9194 ha, that is by 45.7837 hectares, which is 9%.

The primary natural value of the region of the Nature Park "Tikvara" is a dynamic change in the morphology and vegetation of alluvial areas, affected by the natural dynamics of the water regime of the Danube. River erosion has an important influence on the look of the landscape and the natural vegetation, which displays an almost fully preserved whole of the series of succession of plant cover of alluvial areas. The mosaic of forest and non-forest habitats stand from pioneer and climax stages of succession (which, under the influence of river regulation, are becoming increasingly rare in Europe) and are the most valuable natural resource properties.

The protected area is an important element of the ecological corridor of the Danube which runs along the urbanized area, linking the complex of Bukinski Rit habitat with Begečka Jama. The mosaic of habitat provides reproduction of poorly movable species and contributes to the preservation of their meta-population.

The Lake "Tikvara", by which this protected area got its name, is of great importance to the local population as one of the most attractive tourist potentials closely related to the natural resources in this area . The Lake is nautical, sports and recreational, sightseeing and fishing center of the I category are available.

As part of the Nature Park ''Tikvara'' there are monuments of nature such as ''Artificial stands of cypress swamp'' and'' Four sycamore trees" which decorate and refine the place. They are located close to tourist attractions.
Based on the nature resource condition, new boundaries of protected areas and border protection regime with the protection measures have been proposed, in order to preserve natural floodplain habitats as habitat types of the highest priority for protection. In this way, wild species characteristic for these habitats are protected as well. Many of them are highly protected species. Also, geomorphological forms characteristic of large lowland rivers are protected in this way.

Changing the internal border protection regime was by far the biggest change done. Under the second degree protection regime, spatial units important for the survival of highly protected species found in the inundation area and part of Cvrcina Bara have been segregated. An area under the protection regime of second level has been decreased from 508.13 ha to 178.37 ha. Protection included in the entire flood area with forest cultures (clones of Euro-American poplar) and the third degree protection regime was established. The purpose of this change was to direct and limit the sustainable development in order to transform it into native species formations.

In the process of revision, the area of the Nature Park "Tikvara" has increased from 508.1357 ha to 553.9194 ha, that is by 45.7837 hectares, which is 9%.

Nature Park "Tikvara" - Boundary and regimes of the protected area

(Text: Institute for Nature Conservation of Vojvodina Province)